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Magnitsky Act Sparks Russian Fury

Published: December 7, 2012 (Issue # 1738)



  • The U.S. Capitol, where the Magnitsky Act cleared the Senate by 92 to 4 votes on Thursday.
    Photo: Wikimedia Commons

MOSCOW Russia will impose avisa ban onU.S. citizens accused ofhuman rights abuses inresponse tothe "absurd" trade andhuman rights bill passed bythe U.S. Senate onThursday, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said.

"We will also close entry toAmericans who are guilty ofhuman rights violations," Lavrov told reporters after ameeting with Secretary ofState Hillary Clinton inDublin late Thursday.

TheMagnitsky Act, which lifts Cold War-era trade restrictions but also imposes sanctions onsuspected human rights offenders, cleared theSenate by92 to4 votes onThursday.

U.S. President Barack Obama welcomed themove andis expected tosign thebill intolaw before theend ofthe year.

Thelaw repeals theCold War-era Jackson-Vanik amendment, which barred theUnited States fromestablishing normal trade relations with Russia because ofrestrictions theSoviet Union imposed onthe emigration ofJews andother minorities.

TheUnited States was obliged tolift Jackson-Vanik after Russia joined theWorld Trade Organization earlier this year.

But another section ofthe bill bans Russian citizens believed tohave been involved inthe arrest, prosecution anddeath incustody oflawyer Sergei Magnitsky andother human rights violations fromentering theUnited States.

TheForeign Ministry has called thehuman rights component ofthe bill "an exercise inthe theater ofthe absurd" andwarned immediately that thebill would have a"negative impact onbilateral relations," theresponsibility forwhich "lies entirely with theUnited States."

No names have yet been mentioned as candidates forRussia's retaliatory list ofU.S. human rights offenders, but Alexei Pushkov, thechairman ofthe State Duma International Affairs Committee, has suggested that it could blacklist U.S. officials accused ofhuman rights violations inAfghanistan andIraq.

Earlier it had been suggested that theRussian list would target U.S. officials involved inthe arrest andprosecution ofarms dealer Viktor Bout, who was extradited fromThailand tothe United States over Russian objections in2010.

Ananonymous government source told Kommersant that theresponse would be "entirely symmetrical." "We will have as many people onour list as they have ontheirs. If they add some people later so will we," thesource said.

President Obama immediately welcomed thenormalization oftrade relations, but made no direct reference tothe human rights component ofthe bill.

"I commend theHouse andSenate forworking ona bipartisan basis topass legislation toend theapplication ofthe Jackson-Vanik amendment toRussia andMoldova, allowing me toextend Permanent Normal Trade Relations toboth countries. I look forward toreceiving andsigning this legislation," he said ina statement posted onthe White House website late Thursday.

"My administration will continue towork with Congress andour partners tosupport those seeking afree anddemocratic future forRussia andpromote therule oflaw andrespect forhuman rights around theworld."





 


ALL ABOUT TOWN

Friday, Sept. 19


SPIBAs newest addition to their Cultural Discoveries events is Handmade in Germany, an exhibition featuring unique handmade objects of a significantly higher quality than mass-produced items. The work of over 100 German manufacturers will be displayed during the event, which opens today in the Lutheran Church of Saint Peter and Paul on Nevsky Prospekt and runs through Sept. 28.



Saturday, Sept. 20


Starting on Sept. 18 and ending tomorrow is the Extreme Fantasy Wakeboarding Festival in Sunpark by Sredny Suzdalskoye lake in the Ozerki region of the city.


Those after something more laid back can instead head to Jazz and Wine night at TerraVino with legendary jazz guitarist Ildar Kazahanov. 12/14 Admiralteyskaya Emb.



Sunday, Sept. 21


Learn more about African culture and get some exercise during todays Djembe and Vuvuzela, a bike ride starting in Palace Square that includes several stops where riders can listen to the music of Africa or watch short films about the continent. The riders plan to set off at 4 p.m. and all you need to join is a set of wheels.



Monday, Sept. 22


Do you love puppetry? If so, then be sure to go to BTK-Fest, a five-day festival that starts on Sept. 19 celebrating the art. Contemporaries from France, Belgium, the U.K. and other countries will join Russian artists to put on theatrical performances involving a variety of themes, materials and eras. Workshops and meetings are also scheduled for a chance to discuss the artistic medium in further depth.



Tuesday, Sept. 23


Marina Suhih, Director of the External Communications Department at Rostelecom North-West, and Yana Donskaya, HR Director for Northern Capital Gateway are just some of the confirmed participants of todays round table discussion on Interaction with Trade Unions being hosted by SPIBA. Confirm your attendance with SPIBA by Sept. 22.


Kino Expo 2014, an international film industry convention, will be at LenExpo from today until Sept. 26. The third largest exhibition of film equipment in the world, the expo focuses on not only Russia but former Soviet republics as well.



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