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Kirishi Chosen for New Oil Refinery

The most recent Russian oil refinery was built in the Soviet Union about 35 years ago.

Published: March 26, 2014 (Issue # 1803)



  • The KINEF refinery in Kirishi has been in operation since the 1960s and will soon be joined by a second refinery.
    Photo: wikimedia commons

The first new high-conversion residual oil refinery in Russia is due to begin construction in the town of Kirishi, located 150 kilometers southeast of St. Petersburg. Six years in preparation, the Russian Ministry of Energy has granted its approval of the project and the refinery is currently in the design and engineering phase. The first stage of the plant is due to come online sometime in 2017 or 2018 at a capacity of 4 million tons per year, with a subsequent boost to 12 million tons per year.

The most recent Russian oil refinery was built in the Soviet Union about 35 years ago, said Maxim Sushkevich, the executive director of the Kirishi-2 Oil Refinery, speaking to The St. Petersburg Times. After this, only small oil refineries with a capacity of up to one million tons per year were developed. Most other oil refineries are existing plants that have been modernized. The uniqueness of our project is that we are engineering the refinery from the ground up.

The average rate of residual oil conversion in Russia is 71 percent, according to data from the Kirishi-2 Oil Refinery. Residual oilis oil found in low concentrations naturally or in exhausted oil fields. The figure represents the amount of useful products extracted from the oil, such as petrol or diesel fuel. The remaining 29 percent is made up of mazut, a heavy, low-quality waste oil. The new plant expects to increase the conversion figure to 95 97 percent. The refinery is being constructed specifically with this aim in mind.

Mazut was used in the past for heating. With the move to gas, the demand in mazut is falling in Russia, said Sushkevich.

In the past, western oil factories bought mazut as raw material and reprocessed it. From 2015, the taxes on mazut will be equal to those levied on oil. It will become unprofitable to export, as western consumers will not pay the same price for it as they do for oil. If given a choice between buying a good-quality oil or a residual oil, I think the choice is obvious. So there will be a lot of mazut flooding the domestic market, he said.

It is the domestic market, with its lack of quality fuel, that is the target for the new refinery. The company plans to produce AI-95 petrol, diesel, kerosene and petrochemicals. Yet the company does not discount the possibility of selling the remaining product abroad.

The representatives of Kirishi-2 say that the location of the refinery is suitable, due to prevailing winds. None of the emissions from the factory will affect either Kirishi or St. Petersburg.

It was for this reason that the location was chosen by Soviet authorities for the KINEF refinery, which is often referred to as the Kirishi refinery. The new facility, however, is not related to the old biochemical plant but is a separate entity. The owners of the new plant intend to use the extant infrastructure that is already available on the site, including railway lines and highways that will be used to transport both raw materials and finished products.

Kirishi-2 will utilize the latest technologies to ensure that the plant is ecologically friendly, said Sushkevich. The environment is our priority. Although these technologies will slightly boost our costs, we will recoup our expenses in the end. It is always best to minimize risk, including to our reputation, beforehand. Our goal is for the refinery to wholly service the community, by providing jobs and further stimulating the petrochemicals industry regionally and nationally.

The refinerys management estimates that the investment in the first stage of construction will be $6 billion. This will be made up of money from individuals and some private foundations. The Ministry of Energy also runs a program that offers funding for such enterprises, which Kirishi-2 has applied to join.





 


ALL ABOUT TOWN

Friday, Aug. 1


Bikers from all around the world will gather to take part in a parade, extreme shows and rock concerts during the International Biker Festival that revs its engines today and runs through Aug. 3 near Olgino Hotel, 4/2 Primorskogo Shosse.


The Peter and Paul Fortress will be turned into an open-air cinema today and tomorrow as part of the 5th International Short and Animation Film Festival. A huge screen across the fortress walls will air short films non-stop with board games, photo sessions and other activities also on offer for visitors. For more information, visit www.opencinemafest.ru



Saturday, Aug. 2


Gatchina Palace Park Museum will host its second annual Night of Light, an impressive audio-visual show across the night sky. Tickets are 600 rubles ($16).


If graphic design is more your thing then check out Illustration Day, where you will be able to visit an exhibition, attend lectures by professionals and even show experts some of your own work. The event starts at noon at Zona Deystvia, 73 Ligovsky Prospekt. The entrance fee is 350 rubles ($10).



Sunday, Aug. 3


History lovers shouldnt miss the chance to see reenactments of World War I battles in Pushkin at noon. Besides exciting war scenes, visitors can enjoy live music, historical costumes, an equestrian show and a fancy-dress parade starting from the Moscow gates.


Garage Sale, the popular and growing flea market where nothing is priced over 500 rubles ($14.11), starts today at noon in Loft-Project Etagi, 74 Ligovsky Prospekt. Be sure to get in early to score a bargain. Entry costs 50 rubles ($1.40)



Monday, Aug. 4


Continue the working week with a calm and steady mind with a free yoga lesson at 7 p.m. in the Bukvoyed store at 23A Vladimirsky Prospekt.



Tuesday, Aug. 5


Visit The Romanov Dynasty doll exhibition today, where more than fifty porcelain dolls depicting Russian rulers, and made by Olina Ventzel, will be on show. The exhibition continues through Aug. 31 in Sheremetyev Palace, 34 Fontanka Naberezhnaya.



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