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Food Sanctions, Really?

It is a word whose meaning shifts dramatically depending on context and intonation.

Published: August 13, 2014 (Issue # 1824)


: indeed, after all, really, since

Ive always thought ofthe word as theverbal equivalent ofa fist hitting thetable, aword you use toemphasize your message andpound it home. As anintensifier its agreat little word tospit out inphrases like: ! (I told you so!)

But , like all little Russian words, is more than just anintensifier. It can show cause andeffect. It can show juxtaposition. Ina question, it can indicate doubt.

That is, it is one ofthe Russian languages multipurpose words, with ameaning that shifts dramatically with context andintonation, giving us hapless foreigners myriad opportunities tomisuse, misunderstand or mistranslate it.

Much ofthe time it does intensify thesense ofa phrase. Because English doesnt have anequivalent little word, you need tobe creative toconvey themessage of. ! (Come on its not hard atall!) ! (It really is thetruth!) , (We have tohelp her get ready forthe move; she certainly cant handle it byherself). , , (Im just not going todo it thats forsure. I know myself andmy character.)

Sometimes draws attention toa particular word ina sentence. , . . (Of course, Ill help her. Shes my wife, after all.) ! (Thats him!) , ! (Thats thevery book Ive spent thelast three hours looking for!) , (You were theone who wanted togo tothe movies, not me). , , (Its theanticipation as much as theholiday itself thats so marvelous).

Inother contexts, brings together two contrasting ideas: ! (He performed brilliantly despite being totally inexperienced).  ? . (Are you already here! But we werent expecting you today!)

Inother contexts, it can be translated as since: , ! (Its easier foreveryone totally up their failures, since every organization has people who have made mistakes.) Or as but then again: , (It was quite hard towork with him, but then Im used toworking with difficult personalities).

Thegrammar books say that insome contexts is aconjunction that indicates thereason forthe preceding assertion. Got that? I didnt, but it makes more sense inthis example: . ! (Translate theletter. You can do it you know English!)

But thestrange thing about is how all theintensity disappears when it is used ina question. Here it expresses doubt, not certainty: ? (Thats not true, is it?) ? (You do want togo tothe dacha, dont you?)

? (You do want toforget all about , dont you?)

Michele A. Berdy, aMoscow-based translator andinterpreter, is the author ofThe Russian Words Worth (Glas), acollection ofher columns.





 


ALL ABOUT TOWN

Tuesday, Sept. 16


Lenexpo plays host to Tekhnodrev, a three-day convention that focuses on the woodworking industry in Russia. Promoting the latest technologies and trends, the event features not only exhibitors from some of Russias largest woodworking companies but representatives of the forestry industry, who will have their own coinciding forum.


Parlez-vous français? We dont here at The St. Petersburg Times but that doesnt mean you cant. Join the British Book Centers French Club meeting this evening at 6 p.m. in their location near Technologichesky Institut metro station.



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