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Food Sanctions, Really?

It is a word whose meaning shifts dramatically depending on context and intonation.

Published: August 13, 2014 (Issue # 1824)


: indeed, after all, really, since

Ive always thought ofthe word as theverbal equivalent ofa fist hitting thetable, aword you use toemphasize your message andpound it home. As anintensifier its agreat little word tospit out inphrases like: ! (I told you so!)

But , like all little Russian words, is more than just anintensifier. It can show cause andeffect. It can show juxtaposition. Ina question, it can indicate doubt.

That is, it is one ofthe Russian languages multipurpose words, with ameaning that shifts dramatically with context andintonation, giving us hapless foreigners myriad opportunities tomisuse, misunderstand or mistranslate it.

Much ofthe time it does intensify thesense ofa phrase. Because English doesnt have anequivalent little word, you need tobe creative toconvey themessage of. ! (Come on its not hard atall!) ! (It really is thetruth!) , (We have tohelp her get ready forthe move; she certainly cant handle it byherself). , , (Im just not going todo it thats forsure. I know myself andmy character.)

Sometimes draws attention toa particular word ina sentence. , . . (Of course, Ill help her. Shes my wife, after all.) ! (Thats him!) , ! (Thats thevery book Ive spent thelast three hours looking for!) , (You were theone who wanted togo tothe movies, not me). , , (Its theanticipation as much as theholiday itself thats so marvelous).

Inother contexts, brings together two contrasting ideas: ! (He performed brilliantly despite being totally inexperienced).  ? . (Are you already here! But we werent expecting you today!)

Inother contexts, it can be translated as since: , ! (Its easier foreveryone totally up their failures, since every organization has people who have made mistakes.) Or as but then again: , (It was quite hard towork with him, but then Im used toworking with difficult personalities).

Thegrammar books say that insome contexts is aconjunction that indicates thereason forthe preceding assertion. Got that? I didnt, but it makes more sense inthis example: . ! (Translate theletter. You can do it you know English!)

But thestrange thing about is how all theintensity disappears when it is used ina question. Here it expresses doubt, not certainty: ? (Thats not true, is it?) ? (You do want togo tothe dacha, dont you?)

? (You do want toforget all about , dont you?)

Michele A. Berdy, aMoscow-based translator andinterpreter, is the author ofThe Russian Words Worth (Glas), acollection ofher columns.





 


ALL ABOUT TOWN

Saturday, Dec. 20


The citys Babushkina Park on Prospekt Obukhovskoy Oborony will be invaded by dozens of rocking-and-rolling Santa Clauses during todays Santa Claus Parade. Not only will they parade through the park but there will also be competitions amongst the festively-clad participants and a musical master class. There will also be a prize for the best-dressed Santa Claus.


Add to your record collection during the Vinyl Christmas Sale at the KL10TCH bar on Konyushennaya Ploshchad today. Spend the afternoon perusing the records for sale while listening the classic, clean sound of records spinning out hits from a variety of musical genres and time periods.



Sunday, Dec. 21


The Zenit St. Petersburg basketball team returns to the northern capital this evening for a matchup with Krasny Oktyabr, a Volgograd-based basketball club. Tickets for the game, which tips off at 6 p.m. this evening, can be purchased on the clubs website or at their arena, Sibur Arena, on Krestovsky island.


Satisfy your sugar cravings during Sweet New Year, an ongoing seasonal festival at the Raduga shopping center. Each weekend of December will welcome hungry visitors to taste hundreds of different kinds of desserts made from a plethora of sweet treats. Workshops are open to visitors and seasonal gifts can also be purchased for those rushing to finish their New Year shopping.



Monday, Dec. 22


Pick out the latest fashions as holiday gifts for loved ones or as early presents for yourself during the Christmas Design Sale at Kraft on Obvodny Kanal, starting on Dec. 20 and continuing through Dec. 27. Designer clothes will be on sale every day of the week or you can buy something more festive to decorate the home while sipping on hot coffee and perusing the various master classes.



Tuesday, Dec. 23


Meet Arctic explorers Fedor Konukhov and Viktor Simonov during SPIBAs and Capital Legal Services event Arctic Expedition this morning in the Mertens House business center at 21 Nevsky Prospekt. The meeting will discuss the explorers ongoing eco-social project and how companies can use the project as a unique marketing opportunity. Email office@spiba.ru by Dec. 22 if you wish to attend.



Wednesday, Dec. 24


The Anglican Church of St. Petersburg we will be holding a Christmas Eve service at 7 p.m. led by Rev Wm. Shepley Curtis of the Episcopal Church. The service will be held at the Swedish Church at 1/3 Malaya Konyushennaya Ulitsa.



To have your event included in All About Town, email tot@sptimes.ru



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