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Food Sanctions, Really?

It is a word whose meaning shifts dramatically depending on context and intonation.

Published: August 13, 2014 (Issue # 1824)


: indeed, after all, really, since

Ive always thought ofthe word as theverbal equivalent ofa fist hitting thetable, aword you use toemphasize your message andpound it home. As anintensifier its agreat little word tospit out inphrases like: ! (I told you so!)

But , like all little Russian words, is more than just anintensifier. It can show cause andeffect. It can show juxtaposition. Ina question, it can indicate doubt.

That is, it is one ofthe Russian languages multipurpose words, with ameaning that shifts dramatically with context andintonation, giving us hapless foreigners myriad opportunities tomisuse, misunderstand or mistranslate it.

Much ofthe time it does intensify thesense ofa phrase. Because English doesnt have anequivalent little word, you need tobe creative toconvey themessage of. ! (Come on its not hard atall!) ! (It really is thetruth!) , (We have tohelp her get ready forthe move; she certainly cant handle it byherself). , , (Im just not going todo it thats forsure. I know myself andmy character.)

Sometimes draws attention toa particular word ina sentence. , . . (Of course, Ill help her. Shes my wife, after all.) ! (Thats him!) , ! (Thats thevery book Ive spent thelast three hours looking for!) , (You were theone who wanted togo tothe movies, not me). , , (Its theanticipation as much as theholiday itself thats so marvelous).

Inother contexts, brings together two contrasting ideas: ! (He performed brilliantly despite being totally inexperienced).  ? . (Are you already here! But we werent expecting you today!)

Inother contexts, it can be translated as since: , ! (Its easier foreveryone totally up their failures, since every organization has people who have made mistakes.) Or as but then again: , (It was quite hard towork with him, but then Im used toworking with difficult personalities).

Thegrammar books say that insome contexts is aconjunction that indicates thereason forthe preceding assertion. Got that? I didnt, but it makes more sense inthis example: . ! (Translate theletter. You can do it you know English!)

But thestrange thing about is how all theintensity disappears when it is used ina question. Here it expresses doubt, not certainty: ? (Thats not true, is it?) ? (You do want togo tothe dacha, dont you?)

? (You do want toforget all about , dont you?)

Michele A. Berdy, aMoscow-based translator andinterpreter, is the author ofThe Russian Words Worth (Glas), acollection ofher columns.





 


ALL ABOUT TOWN

Friday, Oct. 31


Put your grammar and logical thinking to the test in a fun and friendly environment during the British Book Centers Board Game Evening starting at 5 p.m. today. The event is free and all are welcome to attend.



Saturday, Nov. 1


The men and women who dedicate their lives to fitness get their chance to compete for the title of best body in Russia at todays Grand Prix Fitness House PRO, the nations premier bodybuilding competition. Not only will men and women be competing for thousands of dollars in prizes and a trip to represent their nation at Mr. Olympia but sporting goods and nutritional supplements will also be available for sale. Learn more about the culture of the Indian subcontinent during Diwali, the annual festival of lights that will be celebrated in St. Petersburg this weekend at the Culture Palace on Tambovskaya Ul. For 100 rubles ($2.40), festival-goers listen to Indian music, try on traditional Indian outfits and sample dishes highlighting the culinary diversity of the billion-plus people in the South Asian superpower.



Sunday, Nov. 2


Check out the latest video and interactive games at the Gaming Festival at the Mayakovsky Library ending today. Meet with the developers of the popular and learn more about their work, or learn how to play one of their creations with the opportunity to ask the creators themselves about the exact rules.



Monday, Nov. 3


Non-athletes can get feed their need for competition without breaking a sweat at the Rock-Paper-Scissors tournament this evening at the Cube Bar at Lomonosova 1. Referees will judge the validity of each matchup award points to winners while the citys elite fight for the chance to be called the best of the best. Those hoping to play must arrange a team beforehand and pay 200 rubles ($4.80) to enter.



Tuesday, Nov. 4


Attend the premiere of Canadian director Xavier Dolans latest film Mommy at the Avrora theater this evening. The fifth picture from the 25-year-old, it is the story of an unruly teenager but the most alluring (or unappealing) aspect is the way the film was shot: in a 1:1 format that is more reminiscent of Instagram videos than cinematic art. Tickets cost 400 rubles ($9.60) and snacks and drinks will be available.



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