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Price Controls Return in Fight With Inflation

Published: August 15, 2014 (Issue # 1824)



  • Apples from Chuvashia are replacing Polish fruit that the Kremlin has banned in retaliation to Western sanctions.
    Photo: Vladimir Filonov / SPT

After a 20-year hiatus, direct Soviet-style price controls on the retail sector may be coming back, as the government strives to fight price hikes in supermarkets following Moscow's decision to ban swathes of Western food imports in retaliation for sanctions over the crisis in Ukraine.

The Federal Anti-Monopoly Service — the government's go-to body for browbeating retailers — is showing new vigor in the aftermath of the ban, which barred the import of meat, fish, fruit, vegetables and dairy products from the U.S., the European Union, Canada, Norway and Australia — all of which have slapped sanctions on Russia in response to Moscow's annexation of Crimea and support of separatist rebels in eastern Ukraine.

But it is not the state's only tool to fight price rises caused by the sudden rupture with European and North American suppliers.

After a series of top-level meetings involving Cabinet ministers, retailers, food suppliers and producers, the government this week produced a list of 40 food categories including meat, dairy products, bread, fruits and vegetables — together accounting for up to half what supermarkets sell. Retailers will have to report daily to the state the quantity and price of these goods, newspaper Vedomosti reported Wednesday, citing sources at two major retail chains.

This monitoring zeal beats even the Soviets, who under the planned economy required weekly stock reports from stores, but it has yet to translate into bona fide price controls.

"So far the government is just monitoring prices, but this could be followed by changes to legislature to put a freeze on them," said Valery Mironov, chief economist at Higher School of Economics' Center for Development.

Any new price controls would be ineffective, analysts said. One way or another, businesses will find ways to cover costs and generate profit.

"Prices will either grow in categories not on the ban list in compensation for the freeze or there will be a delayed price hike for the listed products," said Natalya Kolupayeva, senior analyst at Raiffeisenbank.

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ALL ABOUT TOWN

Thursday, Oct. 30


Dental-Expo St. Petersburg 2014 concludes today at Lenexpo. Welcoming specialists from throughout the federation, the forum is an opportunity for dentists to share tricks of the trade and peruse the most recent innovations in technology and equipment, with over 100 companies hocking their wares at the event.



Friday, Oct. 31


Put your grammar and logical thinking to the test in a fun and friendly environment during the British Book Center’s Board Game Evening starting at 5 p.m. today. The event is free and all are welcome to attend.



Saturday, Nov. 1


The men and women who dedicate their lives to fitness get their chance to compete for the title of best body in Russia at today’s Grand Prix Fitness House PRO, the nation’s premier bodybuilding competition. Not only will men and women be competing for thousands of dollars in prizes and a trip to represent their nation at Mr. Olympia but sporting goods and nutritional supplements will also be available for sale. Learn more about the culture of the Indian subcontinent during Diwali, the annual festival of lights that will be celebrated in St. Petersburg this weekend at the Culture Palace on Tambovskaya Ul. For 100 rubles ($2.40), festival-goers listen to Indian music, try on traditional Indian outfits and sample dishes highlighting the culinary diversity of the billion-plus people in the South Asian superpower.



Sunday, Nov. 2


Check out the latest video and interactive games at the Gaming Festival at the Mayakovsky Library ending today. Meet with the developers of the popular and learn more about their work, or learn how to play one of their creations with the opportunity to ask the creators themselves about the exact rules.



Monday, Nov. 3


Non-athletes can get feed their need for competition without breaking a sweat at the Rock-Paper-Scissors tournament this evening at the Cube Bar at Lomonosova 1. Referees will judge the validity of each matchup award points to winners while the city’s elite fight for the chance to be called the best of the best. Those hoping to play must arrange a team beforehand and pay 200 rubles ($4.80) to enter.



Tuesday, Nov. 4


Attend the premiere of Canadian director Xavier Dolan’s latest film “Mommy” at the Avrora theater this evening. The fifth picture from the 25-year-old, it is the story of an unruly teenager but the most alluring (or unappealing) aspect is the way the film was shot: in a 1:1 format that is more reminiscent of Instagram videos than cinematic art. Tickets cost 400 rubles ($9.60) and snacks and drinks will be available.



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